Creating and Opening Excel Files

Applies to TestComplete 15.40, last modified on March 25, 2022

In TestComplete tests, you can create Excel files or access already existing ones.

In Script Tests

The following steps are required:

  1. Get access to a file. To create a new file, use the Excel.Create method. To access an existing file, use the Excel.Open method.

  2. Get access to a worksheet. You can specify the worksheet by its title or index. For this purpose, use the SheetByTitle or SheetByIndex methods respectively.

JavaScript, JScript

function ExcelExample()
{
  // Get the data that will be written into an Excel file
  var curTime = aqDateTime.Now();
  var cpu = Sys.CPUUsage;

  var fileName = "C:\\temp\\MyFile.xlsx";

  if (aqFile.Exists(fileName))
  {
    // Open the existing Excel file
    var excelFile = Excel.Open(fileName);

    if (excelFile.SheetCount > 0)
    {
    // Get the first sheet of the Excel file
    var excelSheet = excelFile.SheetByIndex(0);

    // Write the data into a new row of the Excel file
    var rowIndex = excelSheet.RowCount + 1;
    excelSheet.Cell("A", rowIndex).Value = curTime;
    excelSheet.Cell(2, rowIndex).Value = cpu;
    }
    else
    {
      Log.Error(aqString.Format("The %s Excel file does not contain any sheets.", fileName));
    }
  }
  else
  {
    // Create a new Excel file and add a new empty sheet to it
    Log.Message(aqString.Format("The %s file does not exist and will be created.", fileName));
    excelFile = Excel.Create(fileName);
    excelSheet = excelFile.AddSheet("Sheet1");

    // Write the data into the first row of the created file
    excelSheet.Cell("A", 1).Value = curTime;
    excelSheet.Cell(2, 1).Value = cpu;
  }

  // Save the file to apply the changes
  excelFile.Save();
}

Python

def ExcelExample():
  # Get the data that will be written into an Excel file
  curTime = aqDateTime.Now()
  cpu = Sys.CPUUsage

  fileName = "C:\\temp\\MyFile.xlsx"

  if (aqFile.Exists(fileName)):
    # Open the existing Excel file
    excelFile = Excel.Open(fileName)

    if (excelFile.SheetCount > 0):
      # Get the first sheet of the Excel file
      excelSheet = excelFile.SheetByIndex[0]

      # Write the data into a new row of the Excel file
      rowIndex = excelSheet.RowCount + 1
      excelSheet.Cell["A", rowIndex].Value = curTime
      excelSheet.Cell[2, rowIndex].Value = cpu
    else:
      Log.Error(aqString.Format("The %s Excel file does not contain any sheets.", fileName))
  else:
    # Create a new Excel file and add a new empty sheet to it
    Log.Message(aqString.Format("The %s file does not exist and will be created.", fileName))
    excelFile = Excel.Create(fileName)
    excelSheet = excelFile.AddSheet("Sheet1")

    # Write the data into the first row of the created file
    excelSheet.Cell["A", 1].Value = curTime
    excelSheet.Cell[2, 1].Value = cpu

  # Save the file to apply the changes
  excelFile.Save()

VBScript

Sub ExcelExample()

  ' Get the data that will be written into an Excel file
  Set curTime = aqDateTime.Now()
  cpu = Sys.CPUUsage

  fileName = "C:\\temp\\MyFile.xlsx"

  If aqFile.Exists(fileName) Then
    ' Open the existing Excel file
    Set excelFile = Excel.Open(fileName)

    If excelFile.SheetCount > 0 Then
    ' Get the first sheet of the Excel file
    Set excelSheet = excelFile.SheetByIndex(0)

    ' Write the data into a new row of the Excel file
    rowIndex = excelSheet.RowCount + 1
    excelSheet.Cell("A", rowIndex).Value = curTime
    excelSheet.Cell(2, rowIndex).Value = cpu
    Else
      Log.Error(aqString.Format("The %s Excel file does not contain any sheets.", fileName))
    End If
  Else
    ' Create a new Excel file and add a new empty sheet to it
    Log.Message(aqString.Format("The %s file does not exist and will be created.", fileName))
    Set excelFile = Excel.Create(fileName)
    Set excelSheet = excelFile.AddSheet("Sheet1")

    ' Write the data into the first row of the created file
    excelSheet.Cell("A", 1).Value = curTime
    excelSheet.Cell(2, 1).Value = cpu
  End If

  ' Save the file to apply the changes
  excelFile.Save()
End Sub

DelphiScript

procedure ExcelExample();
var curTime, cpu, fileName, excelFile, excelSheet, rowIndex;
begin
  // Get the data that will be written into an Excel file
  curTime := aqDateTime.Now();
  cpu := Sys.CPUUsage;

  fileName := 'C:\\temp\\MyFile.xlsx';

  if aqFile.Exists(fileName) then
  begin
    // Open the existing Excel file
    excelFile := Excel.Open(fileName);

    if excelFile.SheetCount > 0 then
    begin
    // Get the first sheet of the Excel file
    excelSheet := excelFile.SheetByIndex(0);

    // Write the data into a new row of the Excel file
    rowIndex := excelSheet.RowCount + 1;
    excelSheet.Cell('A', rowIndex).Value := curTime;
    excelSheet.Cell(2, rowIndex).Value := cpu;
    end
    else
      Log.Error(aqString.Format('The %s Excel file does not contain any sheets.', fileName));
  end
  else
  begin
    // Create a new Excel file and add a new empty sheet to it
    Log.Message(aqString.Format('The %s file does not exist and will be created.', fileName));
    excelFile := Excel.Create(fileName);
    excelSheet := excelFile.AddSheet('Sheet1');

    // Write the data into the first row of the created file
    excelSheet.Cell('A', 1).Value := curTime;
    excelSheet.Cell(2, 1).Value := cpu;
  end;

  // Save the file to apply the changes
  excelFile.Save();
end;

C++Script, C#Script

function ExcelExample()
{
  // Get the data that will be written into an Excel file
  var curTime = aqDateTime.Now();
  var cpu = Sys.CPUUsage;

  var fileName = "C:\\temp\\MyFile.xlsx";

  if (aqFile["Exists"](fileName))
  {
    // Open the existing Excel file
    var excelFile = Excel["Open"](fileName);

    if (excelFile["SheetCount"] > 0)
    {
    // Get the first sheet of the Excel file
    var excelSheet = excelFile["SheetByIndex"](0);

    // Write the data into a new row of the Excel file
    var rowIndex = excelSheet["RowCount"] + 1;
    excelSheet["Cell"]("A", rowIndex)["Value"] = curTime;
    excelSheet["Cell"](2, rowIndex)["Value"] = cpu;
    }
    else
    {
      Log["Error"](aqString["Format"]("The %s Excel file does not contain any sheets.", fileName));
    }
  }
  else
  {
    // Create a new Excel file and add a new empty sheet to it
    Log["Message"](aqString["Format"]("The %s file does not exist and will be created.", fileName));
    excelFile = Excel["Create"](fileName);
    excelSheet = excelFile["AddSheet"]("Sheet1");

    // Write the data into the first row of the created file
    excelSheet["Cell"]("A", 1)["Value"] = curTime;
    excelSheet["Cell"](2, 1)["Value"] = cpu;
  }

  // Save the file to apply the changes
  excelFile["Save"]();
}

In Keyword Tests

You do not have to add any additional operations to create or open Excel files. TestComplete automatically accesses the file when you start reading data from or writing it to this file.

Opening Excel Files

Related Tasks

See the following topics to continue working with Excel files:

Reading data

Writing data

Validating data

Saving files

See Also

Working with Microsoft Excel Files

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