Accessing Rows, Columns and Cells in Syncfusion GridControl

Applies to TestComplete 15.10, last modified on December 01, 2021

In order to perform various operations over Syncfusion's GridControl, you need to obtain the objects corresponding to grid rows, columns and cells. This topic describes the properties and methods of the GridControl object that can be used for this purpose.

To perform these actions, TestComplete should have access to internal objects, properties and methods of the GridControl object. For this purpose, the .NET Application Support plugin must be installed and enabled.

When testing Syncfusion GridControl controls, use specific methods and properties of the corresponding SyncfusionEssGrid object. You can call these methods and properties from your keyword tests, as well as from scripts. This topic describes how to work with an object’s properties and methods from your scripts. However, when testing a GridControl control from your keyword test, you can use the same methods and properties calling them from keyword test operations. For more information, see Keyword Tests Basic Operations.

Identifying Rows and Columns

The rows and columns in the GridControl are identified by their indexes. The numerations are zero-based, so the first row and column have an index of 0, the second - 1, and so on. The index of the last grid row is Model.RowCount and the last column is Model.ColCount. So, the total number of grid rows is Model.RowCount+1 and for columns, Model.ColCount+1.

Note that the rows and columns numeration includes row and column headers. That is, the starting indexes correspond to grid headers and indexes of the actual data rows and columns start from 1 or a greater number, depending on the number of headers. If you need to locate the range of actual data cells, use the grid’s GridCellsRange property. The Top, Bottom, Left and Right properties of the returned object let you retrieve bound indexes of grid rows and columns that contain data cells. To determine the number of data rows and columns, use the GridCellsRange.Height and GridCellsRange.Width properties, respectively.

Below is a code snippet that posts information about the GridControl to the test log:

JavaScript, JScript

function Test ()
{
  var p, Grid;

  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort");
  Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1");

  // Post information about the grid structure to the test log
  Log.Message ("Total number of rows: " + (Grid.Model.RowCount+1));
  Log.Message ("Total number of columns: " + (Grid.Model.ColCount+1));
  Log.Message ("Number of data rows: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Height);
  Log.Message ("Number of data columns: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Width);
  Log.Message ("Index of the first data row: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Top);
  Log.Message ("Index of the first data column: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Left);
}

Python

def Test ():

  # Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort")
  Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1")

  # Post information about the grid structure to the test log
  Log.Message ("Total number of rows: " + (Grid.Model.RowCount+1))
  Log.Message ("Total number of columns: " + (Grid.Model.ColCount+1))
  Log.Message ("Number of data rows: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Height)
  Log.Message ("Number of data columns: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Width)
  Log.Message ("Index of the first data row: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Top)
  Log.Message ("Index of the first data column: " + Grid.GridCellsRange.Left)

VBScript

Sub Test
  Dim p, Grid

  ' Obtain the application process and the grid object
  Set p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort")
  Set Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1")

  ' Post information about the grid structure to the test log
  Call Log.Message ("Total number of rows: " & (Grid.Model.RowCount+1))
  Call Log.Message ("Total number of columns: " & (Grid.Model.ColCount+1))
  Call Log.Message ("Number of data rows: " & Grid.GridCellsRange.Height)
  Call Log.Message ("Number of data columns: " & Grid.GridCellsRange.Width)
  Call Log.Message ("Index of the first data row: " & Grid.GridCellsRange.Top)
  Call Log.Message ("Index of the first data column: " & Grid.GridCellsRange.Left)
End Sub

DelphiScript

procedure Test;
var p, Grid : OleVariant;
begin
  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p := Sys.Process('GridControlSort');
  Grid := p.WinFormsObject('Form1').WinFormsObject('gridControl1');

  // Post information about the grid structure to the test log
  Log.Message ('Total number of rows: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.Model.RowCount+1));
  Log.Message ('Total number of columns: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.Model.ColCount+1));
  Log.Message ('Number of data rows: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.GridCellsRange.Height));
  Log.Message ('Number of data columns: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.GridCellsRange.Width));
  Log.Message ('Index of the first data row: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.GridCellsRange.Top));
  Log.Message ('Index of the first data column: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Grid.GridCellsRange.Left));
end;

C++Script, C#Script

function Test ()
{
  var p, Grid;

  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys["Process"]("GridControlSort");
  Grid = p["WinFormsObject"]("Form1")["WinFormsObject"]("gridControl1");

  // Post information about the grid structure to the test log
  Log["Message"]("Total number of rows: " + (Grid["Model"]["RowCount"]+1));
  Log["Message"]("Total number of columns: " + (Grid["Model"]["ColCount"]+1));
  Log["Message"]("Number of data rows: " + Grid["GridCellsRange"]["Height"]);
  Log["Message"]("Number of data columns: " + Grid["GridCellsRange"]["Width"]);
  Log["Message"]("Index of the first data row: " + Grid["GridCellsRange"]["Top"]);
  Log["Message"]("Index of the first data column: " + Grid["GridCellsRange"]["Left"]);
}

Accessing Cells

You can access a particular GridControl cell using the grid’s Item property. This property takes the desired cell’s row and column indexes as parameters:

GridObj.Item (RowIndex, ColIndex)

To obtain information about the currently selected cell, use the grid’s CurrentCell property. The CurrentCell.RowIndex and CurrentCell.ColIndex properties lets you determine indexes of the current row and column, respectively.

The code snippet below demonstrates how you can get information about the currently selected grid cell:

Example

View description

JavaScript, JScript

function Main ()
{
  var p, Grid, Cell;

  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort");
  Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1");

  // Click a grid cell
  ClickCell (Grid, 11, 2);

  // Get information about the selected cell
  Cell = Grid.CurrentCell;
  Log.Message ("Current row index: " + Cell.RowIndex);
  Log.Message ("Current column index: " + Cell.ColIndex);
  Log.Message ("Current cell text: " + Grid.Item(Cell.RowIndex, Cell.ColIndex).FormattedText.OleValue);
}

function ClickCell (Grid, RowIndex, ColIndex)
{
  // Make cell visible
  Grid.ScrollCellInView_3 (RowIndex, ColIndex);

  // Get the cell coordinates
  var rect = Grid.RangeInfoToRectangle (Grid.GridCellsRange.Cell(RowIndex, ColIndex));

  Grid.Click (rect.X + rect.Width/2, rect.Y + rect.Height/2);
}

Python

def Main ():

  # Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort")
  Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1")

  # Click a grid cell
  ClickCell (Grid, 11, 2)

  # Get information about the selected cell
  Cell = Grid.CurrentCell
  Log.Message ("Current row index: " + Cell.RowIndex)
  Log.Message ("Current column index: " + Cell.ColIndex)
  Log.Message ("Current cell text: " + Grid.Item(Cell.RowIndex, Cell.ColIndex).FormattedText.OleValue)

def ClickCell (Grid, RowIndex, ColIndex):
  # Make cell visible
  Grid.ScrollCellInView_3 (RowIndex, ColIndex)

  # Get the cell coordinates
  rect = Grid.RangeInfoToRectangle (Grid.GridCellsRange.Cell[RowIndex, ColIndex])

  Grid.Click (rect.X + rect.Width/2, rect.Y + rect.Height/2)

VBScript

Sub Main
  Dim p, Grid, Cell

  ' Obtain the application process and the grid object
  Set p = Sys.Process("GridControlSort")
  Set Grid = p.WinFormsObject("Form1").WinFormsObject("gridControl1")

  ' Click a grid cell
  Call ClickCell (Grid, 11, 2)

  ' Get information about the selected cell
  Set Cell = Grid.CurrentCell
  Log.Message ("Current row index: " & Cell.RowIndex)
  Log.Message ("Current column index: " & Cell.ColIndex)
  Log.Message ("Current cell text: " & Grid.Item(Cell.RowIndex, Cell.ColIndex).FormattedText.OleValue)
End Sub

Sub ClickCell (Grid, RowIndex, ColIndex)
  Dim rect

  ' Make cell visible
  Call Grid.ScrollCellInView_3 (RowIndex, ColIndex)

  ' Get the cell coordinates
  Set rect = Grid.RangeInfoToRectangle (Grid.GridCellsRange.Cell(RowIndex, ColIndex))

  Call Grid.Click (rect.X + rect.Width/2, rect.Y + rect.Height/2)
End Sub

DelphiScript

procedure ClickCell (Grid, RowIndex, ColIndex);
var rect : OleVariant;
begin
  // Make cell visible
  Grid.ScrollCellInView_3 (RowIndex, ColIndex);

  // Get the cell coordinates
  rect := Grid.RangeInfoToRectangle (Grid.GridCellsRange.Cell(RowIndex, ColIndex));

  Grid.Click (rect.X + rect.Width/2, rect.Y + rect.Height/2);
end;

procedure Main;
var p, Grid, Cell : OleVariant;
begin
  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p := Sys.Process('GridControlSort');
  Grid := p.WinFormsObject('Form1').WinFormsObject('gridControl1');

  // Click a grid cell
  ClickCell (Grid, 11, 2);

  // Get information about the selected cell
  Cell := Grid.CurrentCell;
  Log.Message ('Current row index: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Cell.RowIndex));
  Log.Message ('Current column index: ' + aqConvert.VarToStr(Cell.ColIndex));
  Log.Message ('Current cell text: ' + Grid.Item[Cell.RowIndex, Cell.ColIndex].FormattedText.OleValue);
end;

C++Script, C#Script

function Main ()
{
  var p, Grid, Cell;

  // Obtain the application process and the grid object
  p = Sys["Process"]("GridControlSort");
  Grid = p["WinFormsObject"]("Form1")["WinFormsObject"]("gridControl1");

  // Click a grid cell
  ClickCell (Grid, 11, 2);

  // Get information about the selected cell
  Cell = Grid["CurrentCell"];
  Log["Message"]("Current row index: " + Cell["RowIndex"]);
  Log["Message"]("Current column index: " + Cell["ColIndex"]);
  Log["Message"]("Current cell text: " + Grid["Item"](Cell["RowIndex"], Cell["ColIndex"])["FormattedText"]["OleValue"]);
}

function ClickCell (Grid, RowIndex, ColIndex)
{
  // Make cell visible
  Grid["ScrollCellInView_3"](RowIndex, ColIndex);

  // Get the cell coordinates
  var rect = Grid["RangeInfoToRectangle"](Grid["GridCellsRange"]["Cell"](RowIndex, ColIndex));

  Grid["Click"](rect["X"] + rect["Width"]/2, rect["Y"] + rect["Height"]/2);
}

See Also

Working With Syncfusion GridControl
Iterating Through Rows in Syncfusion GridControl
Searching for Records in Syncfusion GridControl
Selecting Cells in Syncfusion GridControl
Obtaining and Setting Cell Values in Syncfusion GridControl

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